Development of a nutritional literacy intervention for Romanian adolescents
Malnutrition, a global health issues, has been understudied in Romanian adolescent population. Romanian adolescents aged between 11 and 16 years old report unhealthy eating patterns. As they grow older, Romanian adolescents consume fewer fruits and vegetables while eating more unhealthy snacks (i.e., sweets, chips), fast-food and carbonated soft drinks. Moreover, a small number of adolescents serve breakfast on a daily basis.
World Health Organization proposed nutritional literacy as an effective strategy to reduce malnutrition. Following best practices, this study is the first to assess nutritional literacy in Romanian adolescents and to design an intervention based on their knowledge, needs and preferences.
- assess nutritional literacy levels in Romanian adolescents;
- understand the needs, attitudes and preferences of Romanian adolescents regarding a nutritional literacy intervention;
- develop a nutritional literacy intervention for Romanian adolescents responding to their needs.
The study lasts 12 months. Initially, we will assess nutritional choices, nutritional knowledge, body image, general health status, anxiety and depression symptoms, eating disorders symptoms, risk behaviours and socio-demographic characteristics in 340 children aged 11 to 15 years old. Secondly, we will conduct focus-groups with adolescents to assess their satisfaction with existent nutritional programs and their needs, preferences and expectations from such programs. Finally, we will develop an intervention guide to increase nutritional literacy in Romanian adolescents.